Texas Dog Bite Attorney
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More than 4 million Americans are victims of dog bites every year. Of those, an estimated 20 percent of victims will require medical attention for their injuries.
If you need legal assistance for a dog bite, a dog bite attorney at The Carlson Law Firm knows which measures to take when dealing with negligent dog owners. We are ready to put the experience of more than 40 attorneys and over 100 staff members to use, to help you receive the compensation you deserve. You can be confident knowing that we can help you effectively accomplish your case. Our firm can hold the individual liable for your personal or your child’s injuries after a dog attack. Our job is not to give up pursuing a favorable result, no matter how difficult the situation becomes.
Common Dog Bite Injuries
In 2015, 35 Americans were killed by dogs. Dog bites should never be taken lightly. A serious dog bite — even by a small dog — can result in permanent muscle damage and deep tissue scars that can require major reconstructive surgery. Children, especially, are subject not only to physical injury but also to ongoing psychological trauma and emotional distress, particularly if the visible scars are on the face, hands or lower arms.
Dog bites may result in one or more of the following injuries:
- Tissue loss and avulsion
- Crush injuries
- Fractured bones
- Sprain/strain injuries
- Infections such as rabies
Infections Caused By Dog Bites
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the primary complication arising from dog bite injuries is an infection, which occurs in one of five dog bite cases. The most common diseases and infections suffered as a result of dog bite injuries are as follows:
Rabies: A virus that spreads to the brain and is almost always fatal. It can be transferred from the saliva of an infected dog through a dog bite;
Capnocytophaga spp.: A type of bacteria that lives in a dog’s mouth and can be spread through a bite, especially to those with weakened immune systems;
Pasteurella: The most common type of bacteria found in infected dog bites, which can cause pain, redness, and swelling at the puncture site;
MRSA: A deadly type of bacteria that is resistant to many strains of antibiotics and will not show symptoms in infected animals; and
Tetanus: A toxin caused by certain bacteria that can cause paralysis in people who are not vaccinated. This is a problem especially if the bite wound is deep.
Psychological Injuries Caused By Dog Bites
Physical scars can heal even if the injuries to a body may require stitches or antibiotics, but the emotional scarring from some dog bite injuries may be a little more lasting and come with a difficult recovery process.
The emotional distress or anguish caused by a dog bite can cause:
- Anxiety when a flashback occurs
- A lasting fear of dogs
- Anti-social behavior
- Nervousness about being outside
- Symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder
Dog Bite Treatment
Cleaning an injury caused by a dog bite in the shortest time possible is essential in order to prevent infection. Dog bite treatment should occur immediatly. When one is bitten by a dog in order to disinfect the wound you should:
- Let the wound bleed for a few minutes if the blood flow is not severe. This is a simple an effective method for the bacteria transmitted by the dog bite to come out of one’s body.
- Wash the wound with antibacterial soap and let the water flow over it for 5 minutes. This is a vital step to combat wound infection.
- Cover the affected area with a sterile gauze bandage. If you do not have a sterile gauze bandage at hand, then use a disposable paper towel. Avoid using a towel or a handkerchief because they can store other bacteria.
- For puncture wounds, you can use an antibiotic ointment
- For laceration, you can apply hydrogen peroxide and then cover the wound with a sterile bandage to compress the bleeding.
Dog Aggression Toward Children
According to the Center for Disease Control, there are approximately 4.5 million dog bites per year, with over half of these victims being children. Children in the age group of 5-9 years of age have the highest incidence of dog bite injuries, while children, in general, are more likely to have serious injuries from a dog attack. Although there are many theories on why dog attacks on children are so common, some of the most accepted theories include:
- Dominance: It is generally accepted that dogs have a pack mentality and view the humans around them as part of a pack. A dog may view a child as a subordinate in the hierarchy, making them vulnerable to bites.
- Education: Children are less likely to be educated on dog behavior and be able to read the signs that a dog may be about to attack. A child may approach a dog that is in pain or fearful, while an adult can usually recognize these signs.
- High energy: Children tend to move in fast and unpredictable manners, causing anxiety in some dogs. When a dog has anxiety or is afraid, they are more likely to bite.
Due to their small size, children are at high risk for serious dog injuries. The American Humane Society estimates that 60% of injuries to children from dog bites are in the head and neck regions. This is most likely due to the proximity of the head of a child to the mouth of a dog, making it the easiest target. However, hands, arms, and legs are also commonly bitten areas on both children and adults.
The severity of these bites on a child can be extreme. Dog bites can not only puncture, they can also rip skin, muscles, and tendons, causing extensive damage. In severe cases, these injuries can be fatal; 70% of all dog attack fatalities are children under the age of 10.
Dog Bite Law In Texas
Texas does not have a statute that specifically covers a dog owner’s civil liability for damages caused by their animal’s biting someone, unlike many other states.
Instead, Texas is a negligence or one bite rule state for purposes of personal injury cases stemming from dog bites.
In a Texas dog bite lawsuit, an injured person must show that:
- The dog’s owner knew that the dog had acted aggressively or had bitten someone in the past, or
- The dog’s owner negligently failed to use reasonable care to control the dog or prevent the bite, and as a result, the injured person was bitten.
Although Texas’s negligence rule applies to most dog bites, Texas courts will apply a strict liability rule in cases in which the dog is known to be vicious, dangerous or mischievous, and the bites resulted from the dog’s known nature. This means that if an injury was caused by a dangerous dog, the injured person does not have to demonstrate that the owner also failed to use reasonable care to restrain or control the dog. A Texas dog bite attorney from The Carlson Law Firm can help explain this process in further detail during your free consultation.
Leash Laws in Texas
Leash laws are similar to dangerous dog laws. They are laws created by municipalities to prevent dogs from running at large. Depending on the city, the leash law may be as strict as to impose absolute responsibility on the dog owner if the animal is off a leash anywhere except an enclosed space or as flexible as to only recognize a violation where the owner knowingly allows the dog to run at large. These laws may, in some cases, give an injured person another way to hold an irresponsible pet owner responsible.
Compensation For Your Dog Bite Injury
There’s no reason to be intimidated by the insurance companies when you have an experienced dog bite attorney fighting for you. In most cases, it is the homeowner insurance policy of the dog owner that is the source of funds for settling dog bite claims.
We know the process, and we won’t stop working until you’ve got the compensation owed to you. This may even include compensation for surgical or psychological treatment for whatever impact the attack may have had on you. It may also include:
- Pain and suffering
- Medical expenses
- Emotional trauma and anguish
- Lost wages
How A Dog Bite Attorney at The Carlson Law Firm Can Help You
Many of these attacks involve small children, and if your child was a victim, we advise that you first seek medical attention as soon as possible. A dog bite can lead to severe infection and excessive doctor visits. Depending on the severity of the injury and the amount of treatment needed, dog bites can result in high medical bill costs. It is necessary to take legal action against the negligent dog owner that did not take the steps needed to ensure safe protection from their dog. A dog bite attorney can help.
At the Carlson Law Firm, we pursue civil remedies for individuals who have sustained a dog bite injury. We will first investigate your potential claim by a determination of the situation surrounding the bite:
- Where was the dog?
- Where was its owner?
- Where was the individual it bit?
- Were there any extenuating circumstances that caused the dog to bite?
Secondly, we will investigate the applicable local law. Many cities have municipal ordinances that dictate how dogs must be handled and kept. These ordinances can differ from city to city.
Third, we will research any homeowner’s insurance policy that may cover medical bills incurred for:
- ER visits
- Medical tests as a result of the bite
- Medically necessary surgeries
- Scar revision surgery (plastic surgery)
- Mental health counseling
Every dog-bite case is unique and The Carlson Law Firm is here to help. We have been assisting those bitten by a dog for over 40 years. During, that time, The Carlson Law Firm has never advocated for the destruction of any animal.